The overall management of baboon troops on the Cape Peninsula is a joint undertaking by the

  • City of Cape Town
  • South African National Parks (SANParks)
  • South African Navy 
  • CapeNature

The City of Cape Town contracts service providers to manage a city Urban Baboon Programme. Service providers are awarded a three year contract - issued following a public tender adjudication processes. During the past decade, two service providers have been engaged by the City. 

  • Human Wildlife Solutions (2012-2020)
  • NCC Environmental Services from (2020-2023)

The service provider aims to keep 11 of the 17 Peninsula troops out out the urban areas - and in Table Mountain National Park - with a team of approximately 60 baboon rangers and area managers.

City of Cape Town urban edge

Keep our baboons safe and wild is the philosophy that underpins the Urban Baboon Programme. The programme team routinely consult with locally and internationally recognised experts in baboon behavioural ecology, welfare and conservation to ensure that decisions are informed by the latest research. In particular, the Urban Baboon Programme values the scientific-based wildlife advice emanating from the University of Cape Town's international renown, Institute for Communities and Wildlife in Africa.

The Urban Baboon Programme believes that to keep baboons out of urban areas is the ultimate solution to reduce conflict between human and baboons, thereby ensuring a sustainable baboon population on the Cape Peninsula. The programme endorse all policing and law enforcement of all national, provincial and local laws relating to the protection of wild animals. 

Councillor’s Appointed Representatives of Baboon Suburbs (CARBS)

The City of Cape Town's Urban Baboon Programme is funded by the city. Liaising with residents on the progress of the Urban Baboon Programme in baboon-affected suburbs is part of the inclusive City's stakeholder philosophy. It is also a time to explain the mandate of the City of Cape Town Urban Baboon Programme.

Whilst the City has ongoing discussions with CapeNature, SANParks and the SA Navy, the mandate of the city is to only operate at the urban edge interface that abutts the protected area of Table Mountain National Park. 

Over the years, various stakeholder reporting structures have been initiated. City councillors from wards that include baboon-affected suburbs host stakeholder liaison information sessions with residents twice a year.

CARBS Information Sessions are held with CARBS members appointed by councillors in the areas affected by (1) the northern troops and (2) the southern troops.  Meetings are hosted by four councillors from the City of Cape Town. 

The format of the CARBS Information Sessions are as follows

  • A two-hour information session which usually takes place in the evening (at the request of working CARBS).
  • Two CARBS information sessions take place each year.
  • CARBS representatives are appointed by councillors from four baboon-affected ward areas (Wards 61, 62, 69 and 71) in Cape Town.
  • CARBS who would like to highlight issues for further discussion in their local area can request a special meeting with their ward councillor and representatives from the Urban Baboon Programme.
  • Smaller gatherings can take place between councillors, service provider, Urban Baboon Programme team and CARBS. Smaller gatherings are aimed at resolving specific issues affecting particular suburbs.


Management 1Image: B. Sutherland

3City of Cape Town

City of Cape Town 

The City of Cape Town is committed to a maintaining a sustainable baboon population on the Cape Peninsula, but is also responsible for the safety of residents and visitors. The Urban Baboon Programme remains an important City of Cape Town initiative, which is undertaken for the benefit of all residents living on the urban edge, or visitors moving through the urban edge, of baboon-affected areas in the southern Cape Peninsula.

The Urban Baboon Programme has transformed the lives of residents and communities in baboon-affected areas. The aim is to prevent human-wildlife conflict by keep baboons away from the urban edge, and rather, within the boundaries of Table Mountain National Park. This not only ensures the safety of residents but also the conservation, health and welfare of the baboons.



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A provincial public institution, CapeNature is responsible for biodiversity conservation in the Western Cape. It is governed by the Western Cape Nature Conservation Board Act 15 of 1998 and mandated to: promote and ensure nature conservation; render services and provide facilities for research and training; and generate income.

As part of their Wildlife Management Programme (WAP), CapeNature works with other conservation management teams to manage baboons in the Western Cape.


1SANParks logo


South African National Parks, (SANParks), manages a system of parks which represents the indigenous fauna, flora, landscapes and associated cultural heritage of the country. Six Peninsula baboon troops are found in the Cape of Good Hope section of the Table Mountain National Park and are managed by SANParks.


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South African Navy

Simon’s Town is home to the SA Navy. The role of the Navy is to defend the Republic of South Africa by maintaining and providing prepared and supported maritime combat forces, services and facilities.

Residents of the Navy barracks are being educated to baboon-proof their waste to prevent baboons from raiding dustbins outside the residences.



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