As urban development encroaches on the natural habitats of our country’s wildlife, conflict between wildlife and humans could become more frequent. The chacma baboon is common in South Africa – an intelligent primate who quickly learns to associate man with the important resource of food. When baboons and humans come into contact, conflict situations often arise. In order to prevent conflict, baboons must be kept out of urban areas.

The love for all living creatures is the most noble attribute of man. – Charles Darwin

The City of Cape Town issues three year contracts - via an open tender process - to service providers to manage their Urban Baboon Programme. Human Wildlife Solutions (HWS) managed the Urban Baboon Programme from 2012-2020. In October 2020, NCC Environmental Services (NCC) took over as service provider for the programme. The aim of the Urban Baboon Programme is to deter and prevent baboons from leaving the Table Mountain National Park and crossing into the urban edge. The aim is to reduce human-wildlife conflict – not only to protect residents, but also for the conservation of the baboons.

Baboon rangers manage 11 of the 16 Peninsula troops and have permits to use various tools to keep baboons out of urban areas. Protocols for the use of tools, as well as for managing baboons who have become habitual raiders, are strictly followed. Residents can assist the Urban Baboon Programme by properly securing their waste and baboon-proofing their properties.

Cape Peninsula

The Urban Baboon Programme on the Cape Peninsula has made enormous strides in the last decade. Read more

  • Urban Baboon Programme Monthly Reports

Monthly reports containing relevant data and information gleaned from the rangers, field managers and Baboon Hotline records. Read more

  • Rangers

Baboon rangers are employed to ensure that baboons in the 10 managed troops are effectively kept out of suburbs that lie on the fringes of each troop’s range. Read more

  • Tags, Collars & Tools

Various methods and tools are utilised for managing baboons on the Peninsula. Read more

  • Protocols

Certain protocols must be followed when using paintball markers to manage baboons and for managing raiding baboons and dispersing males. Read more

  • Population Statistics

As a result of scientific baboon management, the Peninsula baboon population is steadily rising. Read more


Conflict between residents and baboons has escalated in Knysna over recent years. Read more

  • Knysna Baboon Action Group

The Knysna Baboon Action Group (KBAG) was formed to evaluate baboon management options and ensure that appropriate action is taken as a matter of urgency. Read more

  • Pezula Estate

Baboon conflict at Pezula Estate is brought under control by the implementation of a successful Baboon Management Programme. Read more

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